Skin cells are constantly regenerating to give us a luminous complexion. The new cells are formed at the level of the deepest layer or the hypodermis and take 4 to 6 weeks to reach the surface of the epidermis or the stratum corneum. But dead cells accumulate on the skin, clogging pores and preventing new cells from appearing their best. Result: the skin is dull and lacks radiance. Fortunately, there is a solution to completely get rid of these dead cells: exfoliation.
What does exfoliation consist of?
Exfoliation eliminates dead cells on the epidermis and all the impurities that have lodged there, such as sweat, excess sebum, etc.
When not removed in time, dead cells and impurities form an unhealthy barrier on the skin. This barrier manifests itself in the form of scales. These tend to clog, clog the pores which promotes the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and all kinds of pimples such as acne . At the same time, this barrier prevents beauty products from penetrating deep into the skin.
To combat this barrier, it is possible to use an exfoliant in the form of a cream, serum, lotion, gel or powder. These skincare products include exfoliating agents that help loosen dead skin cells. Even better, they work deep down to unclog pores and promote cell renewal.
There are two kinds of exfoliation. The exfoliation can be carried out by mechanical action or by chemical action.
- Mechanical exfoliation based on abrasive particles, uses natural or synthetic grains to remove dead skin and impurities with circular movements. This is particularly the case for Exfoclear which, thanks to the powder of apricot kernels, allows gentle mechanical exfoliation of the skin.
- Enzyme-based chemical exfoliation or enzymatic exfoliation is usually composed of AHA (or alpha Hydroxy Acid) and BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acid). These agents peel off dead skin from the surface and penetrate deep to give a boost to cell renewal.
What are the benefits of exfoliation?
Exfoliation, whether mechanical or chemical, brings the same benefits to the skin. She allows to :
- Boost cell renewal to delay the signs of aging.
- Detoxify the skin by removing all impurities. This allows better oxygenation of the skin and makes it healthier.
- Fade away any blemishes like blackheads, acne and age spots by unclogging pores, removing excess oil and gently polishing the skin
- Revive radiance and illuminate the complexion by improving the diffusion of light on the surface of the skin.
- Tighten pores, refine skin texture and improve texture for a flawless complexion.
- Promote the penetration of the beauty products you use, because they work better on healthy skin free of impurities.
What type of exfoliation to choose?
All skin types need a scrub to get rid of dead cells and allow the beauty treatments used to penetrate easily. Oily and combination skin can use a physical scrub with exfoliating grains to unclog excess sebum and dead cells. Dry, sensitive and reactive skin will rather adopt an acid-based chemical scrub: AHA and BHA.
The main component of AHAs is glycolic acid while the main component of BHAs is salicylic acid. Both have a gentle peeling action that chemically loosens dead cells. For example, we recommend using our AHA anti-dark spot serum in the evening which, thanks to its gentle peeling effect, removes all impurities, refines skin texture and evens out the complexion for a radiant face. beauty.
How often should you exfoliate your skin?
The frequency depends on the type of exfoliation and the type of skin at the same time. Mechanical exfoliation should be done twice a week at most, while enzymatic exfoliation, which is more gentle, can be done every 2 to 3 days.
Dry skin also needs less exfoliation than oily skin where sebum builds up quickly. In any case, you can use once or twice a week our face and body exfoliating gel based on fruit acids, apricot kernel powder and Swiss glacier water.
Also be careful not to practice any exfoliating action on skin that is not in perfect health, for example during an eczema or psoriasis crisis. Finally, after each exfoliation, it is important to nourish the skin well to restore the hydrolipidic barrier.
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